Do Lie Detection Tools Really Catch Liars?

A Guide for Forensic Professionals

Authors

  • Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro (PUC-Rio)

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17063/bjfs9(3)y2020373-393

Keywords:

Lie detection, Decepetion, Verbal Credibility Assessment, Nonverbal Behavior, Forensic Context

Abstract

Lying is ubiquitous in every society. However, in forensic contexts lies must be revealed so that investigations/judgments can be fair and effective. For this reason, distinct tools (verbal and nonverbal) of lie detection were examined. CBCA and RM showed the best performance in distinguishing between truth and lie within verbal tools. Lack of empirical support made SCAN not recommended for lie detection applications. Moreover, studies have shown that people guided by BAI are less accurate in detecting lies than untrained people. Ekman’s Deception Theory (EDT) showed more effective predictions about nonverbal deception cues than BAI. However, the lack of standardization in the use of EDT predictions to detect lies can be seen as a weakness of the method. Future efforts may be aimed at developing a tool that uses both verbal and nonverbal predictions to obtain greater accuracy in detecting lies than currently available methods.

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Published

2020-06-29

How to Cite

Salles, B. (2020). Do Lie Detection Tools Really Catch Liars? A Guide for Forensic Professionals. Brazilian Journal of Forensic Sciences, Medical Law and Bioethics, 9(3), 373–393. https://doi.org/10.17063/bjfs9(3)y2020373-393