Use of Linear Measures of Dry Tibia Proximal Epiphysis of Adults in the Estimation of Sex and Age

Authors

  • Lucas Oliveira Farias Universidade Tiradentes (UNIT), Aracaju, SE, Brasil
  • Carlos Werneck Gomes Siqueira Junior Universidade Tiradentes (UNIT), Aracaju, SE, Brasil
  • Lucas Santana Soares Universidade Tiradentes (UNIT), Aracaju, SE, Brasil
  • Matheus Rezende Menezes Universidade Tiradentes (UNIT), Aracaju, SE, Brasil
  • Erika de Oliveira Menezes Universidade Tiradentes (UNIT), Aracaju, SE, Brasil
  • Francisco Prado Reis Universidade Tiradentes (UNIT), Aracaju, SE, Brasil
  • Erasmo de Almeida Junior Universidade Tiradentes (UNIT), Aracaju, SE, Brasil

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17063/bjfs10(1)y202036-47

Keywords:

Human identification, forensic medicine, tibia

Abstract

Based on expert examinations, the procedure for identifying people has been relevant with regard to the clarification of facts in the legal-social sphere. The aim of this study is to verify sexual dimorphism and estimate age, examining dry tibia using linear measurements. 161 dry tibiae were used, 63 of which were female and 98 were male, all over 20 years of age. For the present study, the following linear measurements were taken: medial condyle distance to the lateral condyle (cmcl), medial condyle distance to the tibial tuberosity (cmt), lateral condyle distance to the tibial tuberosity (clt) and a triangular area from these measurements (at). The analysis of variance of the data showed that the male individuals had means of the variables greater than those of the female sex. According to the t test, there was a significant difference between the means of all variables (p: <0.0001). Through the Discriminant Analysis, there was a hit rate of 76.60% for women and 66.33% for men, with a total hit rate of 71.47%. Through logistic regression, an agreement rate of 78.6% was reached. According to the data, it was found that the age prediction model was not significant for the variables studied (p: 0.1358). It was concluded that the applied methodology can contribute to the success of researches that guide the investigation of sex and age within the scope of Legal Medicine, mainly when associated with other techniques existing in the literature.

References

Cunha E. Considerações sobre a Antropologia Forense na Atualidade. Rev Bras Odontol Leg. 1o de janeiro de 2017;110–7.

França GV. Medicina Legal. 11 ed., Guanabara Koogan, Rio de Janeiro, 2017.

Kimmerle EH, Ross A, Slice D. Sexual dimorphism in America: geometric morphometric analysis of the craniofacial region. J Forensic Sci. janeiro de 2008;53(1):54–7.

Galvão LCC. Determinação do sexo através da curva frontal e apófise mastoide. Tese (Doutorado em Radiologia Odontológica) - Faculdade de Odontologia, Universidade de Campinas, São Paulo, Piracicaba, 1998.

Francesquini Júnior L, Francesquini MA, De La Cruz BM, Pereira SDR, Ambrosano GMB, Barbosa CMR, et al. Identification of sex using cranial base measurements. J Forensic Odontostomatol. junho de 2007;25(1):7–11.

Spradley MK, Jantz RL. Sex estimation in forensic anthropology: skull versus postcranial elements. J Forensic Sci. março de 2011;56(2):289–96.

Vezú S, Soares TR dos S. Métodos de Identificação Humana Através da Antropologia Forense: Revisão Bibliográfica. Arq Mudi. 20 de dezembro de 2019;23(3):559–73.

Borborema M de L, Vanrell JP, Queluz D. Determinação da estatura por meio da medida de ossos longos dos membros inferiores e dos ossos da pelve. Odonto. 2010;18(36):113–25.

Silva MVV de MP, Nascimento BV dos S, Brito GC, Júnior EDA. Utilização do Comprimento Total, Diâmetro da Circunferência Articular e Peso Total do Rádio para Predição de Sexo. Braz J Forensic Sci Med Law Bioeth. 20 de dezembro de 2018;8(1):36–42.

de Almeida Junior E, Reis FP, Galvão LCC, Alves MC, Costa M. Investigação do Sexo e Idade por Meio de Mensurações Faciais em Crânios Secos de Adultos. Braz J Forensic Sci Med Law Bioeth. 19 de dezembro de 2013;2(3):276–85.

Teles H, Santos-Junior R, Sandes V, Reis F. Estimativa do Sexo e Idade por Meio de Mensurações Faciais em Crânios Secos de Adultos. Braz J Forensic Sci Med Law Bioeth. 1o de janeiro de 2020;9:292–307.

O’Bright L, Peckmann T, Meek S. Is “Latin American” population-specific? Testing sex discriminant functions from the Mexican tibia on a Chilean sample. Forensic Sci Int. 1o de abril de 2018;287.

Ekizoglu O, Er A, Bozdag M, Akcaoglu M, Can IO, García-Donas JG, et al. Sex estimation of the tibia in modern Turkish: A computed tomography study. Leg Med Tokyo Jpn. novembro de 2016;23:89–94.

Kranioti E, G García-Donas J, Almeida P, Kyriakou X, Langstaff H. Sexual dimorphism of the tibia in contemporary Greek-Cypriots and Cretans: Forensic applications. Forensic Sci Int. 1o de novembro de 2016;271.

Kranioti E, Apostol M. Sexual dimorphism of the tibia in contemporary Greeks, Italians, and Spanish: forensic implications. Int J Legal Med. 22 de julho de 2014;129.

Slaus M, Bedić Ž, Strinović D. Sex determination by discriminant function analysis of the tibia for contemporary Croats. Forensic Sci Int. 11 de fevereiro de 2013;226.

Veyre-Goulet SA, Mercier C, Robin O, Guérin C. Recent human sexual dimorphism study using cephalometric plots on lateral teleradiography and discriminant function analysis. J Forensic Sci. julho de 2008;53(4):786–9.

Published

2020-12-02

How to Cite

Oliveira Farias, L., Gomes Siqueira Junior, C. W., Santana Soares, L., Rezende Menezes, M., de Oliveira Menezes, E., Prado Reis, F., & de Almeida Junior, E. (2020). Use of Linear Measures of Dry Tibia Proximal Epiphysis of Adults in the Estimation of Sex and Age. Brazilian Journal of Forensic Sciences, Medical Law and Bioethics, 10(1), 36–47. https://doi.org/10.17063/bjfs10(1)y202036-47

Issue

Section

Original Article